A THING OF BEAUTY CLASS 12 IN HINDI » Jharkhand Pathshala

A THING OF BEAUTY CLASS 12 IN HINDI

A Thing of Beauty By John Keats
Class 12 Book Flamingo
Poetry Chapter- 4


Before you read (A thing of Beauty) : कवी इस कविता के माध्यम से कहते है की सुंदरता की सभी वस्तुए हमें कितना आनंद देता है और प्रकृति इन सुन्दर बस्तुओं का खजाना है। 

Stanza I
A thing of beauty is a joy forever
Its loveliness increases, it will never
pass into nothingness, but will keep
A bower quiet for us, and a sleep
Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing.

Vocabulary: Beauty- सुंदरता, सौंदर्य, joy- आनंदित करना, forever- हमेशा, loveliness-सुंदरता, bower- कुंज। 

Explanation: सुंदरता की जो वस्तुएँ होती है, वो हमेसाह बानी रहती है। इसकी सुंदरता बढ़ती जाती है और यह कभी भी व्यर्थ नहीं होती।  यह हमारे लिए एक ऐसी कुंज का निर्माण करती है जहाँ हमें मधुर सपनों से भरा निंद्रा, अच्छा स्वास्थ और शांति मिलती है। 

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Stanza II

Therefore, on every morrow, are we wreathing
A flowery band to bind us to the earth,
Spite of despondence, of the inhuman dearth
Of noble natures, of the gloomy days,
Of all the unhealthy and o’er-darkened ways
Made for our searching; yes, in spite of all,
Some shape of beauty moves away the pall
From our dark spirits.

Vocabulary: morrow- सवेरा, wreathe- गूथना, despondence- निराशा,  gloomy- उदासी, मनहूस, अँधेरा, pall- पर्दा, आवरण, spirit- आत्मा, विचारधारा, dearth- अभाव। 

Explanation: इसलिए हर सुबह हम सब फूलों का माला बनाते है ताकि ताकि हम पृथ्वी के साथ जुड़े रह सके। निराशा, मानव जगत में मानवता की कमी, उदासी के दिन, सभी कठिन और अंधकार से भरी रास्ते जो हमारे खोज के लिए बने है इनसब के बावजूद, हाँ, ये सब के होते हुए भी सुंदरता के  कुछ संरचाएँ हमारे नकारात्मक विचारधाराओं को दूर कर देती है। 

Stanza III
Such the sun, the moon,
Trees old, and young, sprouting a shady boon
For simple sheep; and such are daffodils
With the green world they live in; and clear rills
That for themselves a cooling covert make
‘Giant the hot season; the mid forest brake,
Rich with a sprinkling of fair musk-rose blooms;
And such too is the grandeur of the dooms
We have imagined for the mighty dead;
All lovely tales that we have heard or read;
An endless fountain of immortal drink,
Pouring unto us from the heaven’s brink.

Vocabulary: sprout- विकसित होना, boon- वरदान, daffodils- एक प्रकार का फूल, rills- छोटी नदी,
gainst(against)- विरुद्ध, brake- झाड़-झंखाड़, sprinkling- छिड़काव, bloom- खिलना, grandeur- सुर-वीर , कुलीन व्यक्ति, doom- नाश, अंत, mighty dead- प्रक्रमिक-मित्यु, fountain- झरना, फ़व्वारा, immortal drink- अमृत, heaven- स्वर्ग, brink- किनारा। 

Explanation: कुछ ऐसे ही सुंदरता के प्रतिक है सूर्य और चाँद। छोटे-बड़े पेड़-पौधे जो विकसित होते है और साधारण भेड़ों तथा अन्य जानवरों के लिए छांया के रूप में वरदान बनते है। डेफोडिल्स फूल जंगलों में खिलते है और उनका सोभा बढ़ाते है, छोटी नदियाँ और बहने वाली पानी के स्रोत ग्रीष्म ऋतु में खुद के लिए एक ठंडी आवरण बना लेते है, जंगलों के बिच झाड़ी-झंखाड़ जो जंगली गुलाब से भरे होते हे, साथ ही उन महान योद्धाओं के अंत भी एक सौंदर्यता का प्रतिक है जिनकी कहानियाँ या तो हम पढ़ते या सुनते है।ये सभी कभी न ख़त्म होने वाले एक अमृत के फ़व्वारे के समान है जो स्वर्ग से हम सभी पर निछावर की जा रही है।


Important Question and answer of ‘A THING OF BEAUTY’

1. How is a thing of beauty joy forever?
Ans: John Keats worshiper of nature. All the things of nature are beautiful. Every beautiful thing is a constant source of joy. It is never devalued but increases every moment. It always gives pleasure to others. It always gives us peace and happiness.

2. What is the message of the poem ‘A Thing of Beauty?
And: John Keats conveys the message through this poem that we should respect nature because nature is the treasure of beautiful things. A thing of beauty joy forever. Its loveliness increases. It will never pass into nothingness. It is a constant source of joy in our life.

3. How does a thing of beauty keep a bower quiet for us?
Ans: A tree provides shade for the animals to rest. similarly, a thing of beauty creates a peaceful and healthy environment for us. We enjoy a sleep full of sweet dreams and have a peaceful life. 

4. Name the things of nature that are constant sources of beauty.
And: Many things of nature are the constant sources of beauty. Such as the sun, moon, young and old trees, green fields, jungles, clear rills and flowers like daffodils and musk-roses are endless and constant sources of beauty.

5. What makes human beings love life in spite of troubles and sufferings?
Ans: A things of beauty makes human beings love life in spite of troubles and sufferings. we have many troubles, sufferings and gloomy days still live happily because some shape of beauty removes our sadness. It provides a peaceful life.

Read the following stanza and answer the following question

A thing of beauty is a joy forever
Its loveliness increases, it will never
pass into nothingness, but will keep
A bower quiet for us, and a sleep
Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing.

(a) Name the poem and the poet.
Ans: Poem: A Thing of Beauty.
        Poet: John Keats

(b) How is a thing of beauty a joy forever?
Ans: A thing of beauty is an eternal source of peace and happiness. It increases every moment. It will never pass into nothingness.

(c) What is bower? What does it provide for us?
Ans: A bower is a pleasant place in the shade under a tree. It provides us with sound sleep, full of sweet dreams. It also provides health and peaceful breathing.

(d) How does a thing of beauty help us?
Ans: A thing of beauty will continue to soothe our soul. It makes us want to live and enjoy these things of beauty.

Therefore, on every morrow, are we wreathing
A flowery band to bind us to the earth,
Spite of despondence, of the inhuman dearth
Of Noble natures, of the gloomy days,
Of all the unhealthy and o’er-darkened ways
Made for our searching: Yes, in spite of all,
Some shape of beauty moves away the pall
From our dark spirits.

(a) What are we doing every day?
Ans: We are weaving a flowery wreath to bind us to the beauties of this earth.

(b) Describe the bad and evil things that we possess in us.
Ans: We suffer from disappointment, lack of noble qualities and unhealthy and evil ways.

(c) ‘In spite of all’, Explain.
Ans: It means in spite of all these evil things mentioned above.

(d) What removes the pall From our dark spirits and how?
Ans: Some beautiful shape or a thing of beauty removes the pall of sadness from our hearts or spirits.

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